Let’s pretend the Federation of Planets wants to reproduce the success of the Enterprise NCC 1701 (both the ship and its crew) and make sure future pilots are as good as Mr Sulu.
They would need to describe:
This is what we would normally refer to as the current state. If we were in an Enterprise Architecture, we would use Applications and various Hardware/Artifacts to describe things like Propellers, Energy Dampeners, Shields, Thrusters, Communication Array and (of course) Warp Core. Resource Architectures would then describe how all these components interact together and communicate with our operators and pilots aboard the Enterprise.
The skills required of the crew would become Business Functions and the steps they “should” be following would be described by Functional Processes: “Dock Spaceship to Starbase”, “Land Spaceship on Planet Surface”, “Calculate Coordinates”, etc…
The Federation wants to learn from but may not want to reproduce the Enterprise itself. It was, after all, built for exploration and the motivations of the Federation have often been forced to move into a military direction for their starships’ design. The Defiant (another ship from the Trek universe) was a war ship. Both ships, whatever their purpose, still need the right components, the skilled crew and the procedures to be flown successfully and safely. Hence the Defiant, both in its design and operation, can learn from the Enterprise on the what (skills/resources), who (what skills must the crew have) and the how (procedures) of space flight.
All the Resource Architectures, Interactions, Functional Processes and Business Functions put together are what makes a spaceship able to fly. The ability to fly in space can be renamed as "Space Flight" Capability.
Capabilities can be grouped together according to a certain motivation. In our example, the Federation wants to explore uncharted galaxies. An exploration ship would not only require Space Flight but additional capabilities like Star System Surveyance.
As previously stated, the Federation’s motivations are changed by an all-out war. Our Capability Map now changes from “Exploration” to “Military”.
What the Enterprise and the Defiant have in common is the “Space Flight Capability”.
While the Enterprise already possesses some military capabilities (like Target Set Destruction), these were only implemented for defensive purposes: ay military ship like the Defiant would need these for defensive AND offensive purposes. Filling this offensive gap would be the strategic priority of the Federation.
The Federation can design new ships, adapt defensive procedures to be offensive as well as train the crew in offensive tactics and manoeuvres. Our Enterprise can also be repurposed for offensive action later on…
The short answer is “You kidding me, sir?”.
The long answer could be: “Not only can I fly this thing, I also possess the skills necessary to fly any Federation starship, be it built for exploration or for military purposes. And, with a bit of tinkering, I could even take out a Bird of Prey… or 2.”
Image poster Star Trek - Star Trek Toy
Image Star Trek ships images USS Defiant - Fan pop